Data analysis of the adoption rate and unemploymen

2022-08-18
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Data analysis of robot adoption rate and unemployment rate

a report from Dav for testing and safety and health control project ID autor, David Dorn and Gordon Hanson said that computers did not take jobs from Americans, but from China

this may be true, but now it is clear that the biggest trend of Chinese industry is automation

the International Federation of robotics recently published a survey discussing the impact of robots on employment. The survey found that from 2008 to 2011, China's robot adoption rate (that is, the proportion of robots per 10000 employees) increased by 210% (although the base is very low). They also mentioned that the adoption rate of robots in the United States has also increased by 41%

the survey covers six countries, among which the adoption rate of robots is increasing in the United States, Germany, Brazil, China and South Korea, with the exception of Japan. Of course, robots in Japan are as popular as those in Thailand, and their utilization rate is already very high

ifr: Japan has adopted robots for a long time, and until recently, it still has the highest adoption rate of robots. In Japan and South Korea, the number of robots per worker is the largest, with 10000 workers corresponding to more than 300 robots. Then Germany, with 10000 workers corresponding to more than 250 robots

China began to adopt more robots, which is a relatively new phenomenon, because before, Alcoa directly produced 3D printing products, China relied on the advantage of low labor cost. This change itself is very noteworthy

but the real concern is whether robots are used to replace humans or reduce the burden on humans

the chart from IFR shows the relationship between the number of robots and the unemployment rate:

(Note: the blue line refers to the unemployment rate, and the red line refers to the number of robots. The data on the left of Brazil and Japan in the above table are different from others.)

it is worth mentioning that among all six countries, the United States is the only country where the robot adoption rate and unemployment rate have increased at the same time

on the contrary, Germany has achieved higher economic growth while the adoption rate of robots has increased, and the employment rate of manufacturing industry has not decreased. IFR said that in countries like Japan and Germany, the rise in the number of robots may offset the decline in the working population

in China, the situation is relatively complicated. For example, Foxconn's robots are used to supplement labor, not replace labor. We hope to see more research on the economic benefits in this regard

let's look at another interesting trend, this time in Japan. According to the Nikkei, the penetration rate of robots in the labor force may stagnate, but robots are becoming more and more humanized

let energy saving and material saving become the focus of the extrusion processing industry.

glory, a Japanese Mint machinery manufacturing enterprise, recently adopted a humanoid robot, which won the Japanese robot of the year special award. Here are some pictures from glory:

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